Elaine, a human given name originally meaning "the sun", may refer to:
- Elaine Descroix, a Manticoran politician.
- Elaine Dumarest, a Havenite politician.
- Elaine Dunharrow, a Manticoran spacer in the 16th Century PD.
- Elaine Komandorski, a former Mesan genetic slave also known as Georgia Sakristos or Georgia Young.
- Elaine Mayhew, second wife of Protector Benjamin IX of Grayson.